School Position on Bullying
The Christian Brothers’ Primary School community believes that each pupil has a right to an education free from fear and intimidation.
The school regards bullying as a serious infringement of individual rights and a serious threat to the self-esteem and self-confidence of targeted pupil(s). Therefore it does not tolerate bullying of any kind.
Every report of bullying is treated seriously and dealt with, having due regard for the well being of the targeted pupil(s) and the perpetrator(s).
An ‘Anti-Bullying Team,’ made up of staff members, exists to cultivate an environment free from bullying.
The immediate priority, should a bullying incident occur, is ending the bullying, (thereby protecting the person(s) being targeted) and resolving the issues and restoring the relationships involved insofar as is practicable using a ‘Reform, not Blame’ approach.
All pupils are expected to contribute to the creation and maintenance a safe environment in the school. On becoming aware of any bullying situation, in or outside the school, involving members of the school community they should notify a trusted responsible adult. Bullying behaviour is too serious not to report.
Pupils’ participation in school life in general is encouraged through existing school structures. Awareness of bullying, and willingness to take action to prevent or stop it, is part of this participation.
1.In accordance with the requirements of the Education (Welfare) Act 2000 and the code of behaviour guidelines issued by the NEWB, the Board of Management of Nenagh CBS Primary has adopted the following anti-bullying policy within the framework of the school’s overall code of behaviour. This policy fully complies with the requirements of the Anti-Bullying Procedures for Primary and Post-Primary Schools which were published in September 2013.
2. The Board of Management recognizes the very serious nature of bullying and the negative impact that it can have on the lives of pupils and is therefore fully committed to the following key principles of best practice in preventing and tackling bullying behaviour:
- A positive school culture and climate which
- – is welcoming of difference and diversity and is based on inclusivity;
- encourages pupils to disclose and discuss incidents of bullying behaviour in a nonthreatening environment; and
- promotes respectful relationships across the school community;
- Effective leadership;
- A school-wide approach;
- A shared understanding of what bullying is and its impact;
- Implementation of education and prevention strategies (including awareness raising measures) that –
- Build empathy, respect and resilience in pupils; and
- Explicitly address the issues of cyber-bullying and identity-based bullying;
- Effective supervision and monitoring of pupils;
- Supports for staff;
- Consistent recording, investigation and follow up of bullying behaviour (including use of established intervention strategies); and
- On-going evaluation of the effectiveness of the anti-bullying polic
3. In accordance with the Anti-Bullying Procedures for Primary and Post-Primary Schools bullying is defined as follows:
Bullying is unwanted negative behaviour, verbal, psychological or physical conducted by an individual or group against another person (or persons) and which is repeated over time.
The following types of behaviour are included in the definition of bullying:
- deliberate exclusion, malicious gossip and other
forms of relational bullying,
- cyber-bullying and
- identity-based bullying such as homophobic bullying, racist bullying, bullying based on a person’s membership of the Traveller community and bullying of those with disabilities or special educational needs.
Isolated or once-off incidents of intentional negative behaviour, including a once-off offensive or hurtful text message or other private messaging, do not fall within the definition of bullying and should be dealt with, as appropriate, in accordance with the school’s code of behaviour.
However, in the context of this policy, placing a once-off offensive or hurtful public message, image or statement on a social network site or other public forum where that message, image or statement can be viewed and/or repeated by other people will be regarded as bullying behaviour.
Negative behaviour that does not meet this definition of bullying will be dealt with in accordance with the school’s code of behaviour.
This definition includes a wide range of behaviour, whether verbal or written, whether physical or social, whether targeting person or property, whether carried out directly or indirectly or through any electronic or other medium, which could harm a pupil or undermine her/his self-esteem or selfconfidence.
Appendix 1 gives a list of specific examples of bullying behaviour. This list is not exhaustive.
Additional information on different types of bullying is set out in Section 2 of the Anti-Bullying Procedures for Primary and Post-Primary Schools.
4.The ‘Relevant Teachers’ for investigating and dealing with bullying in this school are as follows:
Each Class teacher can deal with reported issues from within their class, the Deputy Principal and the Principal. Termly class surveys will be carried out by our ‘Antibullying Team which is made up of teachers from our Special Education team.
5. The education and prevention strategies (including strategies specifically aimed at cyber-bullying and identity based bullying) used by the school are as follows:
- The anti-bullying module of the SPHE programme as it applies during each school year,
- At least five awareness-raising exercises per school year for each class group from 3rd class up pro-actively explaining the nature and variety, causes, consequences and unacceptability of bullying.
- Pupils are helped to examine the issue of bullying in a calm rational way, outside of the tense context of particular bullying incidents. In the process they are made more aware of the nature of bullying and the various forms that it can take.
- Pupils are made aware that the consequences of bullying behaviour are always bad for those who are targeted, even if this is not always obvious at the time.
- Pupils are encouraged to recognise, reject and report bullying behaviour, either spontaneously or through questionnaires that are regularly used in the school.
- At least five awareness-raising exercises per school year for each class group from 3rd class up pro-actively explaining the nature and variety, causes, consequences and unacceptability of bullying.
Through presentations information leaflets, the school staff and parents/guardians are made aware of the nature of bullying and the signs that might indicate that a pupil is being bullied.
They are encouraged to be vigilant in watching out for signs of bullying and to report any suspicion of bullying they may have to the ‘Relevant Teacher’ (in the case of staff members) or any staff member (in the case of parents/guardians).
Through regular reports letters home or through our website, as well as at meetings with parent/guardian groups, parents/guardians are regularly informed of the activities of the school ‘Anti-Bullying Team’ and encouraged to support its work.
6.The school’s procedures for investigation, follow-up and recording of bullying behaviour and the established intervention strategies used by the school for dealing with cases of bullying behaviour are as follows:
- The ‘Relevant Teacher’ investigates all instances of reported or suspected bullying behaviour, with a view to establishing the facts and bringing any such behaviour to an end.
- The School, through the ‘Relevant Teacher’ reserves the right to ask any pupil to write an account of what happened, as part of an investigation. This will be a standard procedure and does not necessarily imply that a pupil is guilty of misbehaviour.
- Pupils who are alleged to have been involved in bullying behaviour are interviewed by the ‘Relevant Teacher’ to establish the nature and extent of the behaviour and any reasons for it. In the event that they have been involved in bullying behaviour they are asked to put their name to a promise that they will treat all pupils fairly, equally and respectfully including the targeted pupil(s).
- The ‘Relevant Teacher’ does not apportion blame but rather treats bullying behaviour as a ‘mistake’ that can and must be remedied. S/he emphasises that the intention is not to punish perpetrators but to talk to them, to explain how harmful and hurtful bullying is and to seek a promise that it will stop. If that promise is forthcoming and is honoured there will be no penalty and that will be the end of the matter. Pupils who report bullying therefore are not getting others ‘in trouble’ so much as enabling them to get out of trouble into which they may ultimately get if the bullying continued.
- When an investigation is completed and/or a bullying situation is resolved the ‘Relevant Teacher’ will complete a report, to include the findings of the investigation, the strategy adopted and the outcome of the intervention, as well as any other relevant information. The report should be completed using the Bullying Record template – See Appendix 2
- If a pupil has signed such a promise but then chooses to break that promise and continue the bullying behaviour, this can then no longer be considered a ‘mistake.’ In this event parent(s)/guardian(s) will be informed and requested to countersign their son’s promise. Breach of this additional promise by further bullying behaviour is regarded as a very grave matter and a serious sanction may be imposed by the school authorities (See sanctions below).
- All documentation regarding bullying incidents and their resolution is retained securely in the school.
Where a pupil has been found to be engaged in bullying behaviour, has formally promised to stop and has broken that promise, any of the following sanctions may be imposed:
- He may be required to sign another promise, this time countersigned by a parent/guardian;
- Parent(s)/guardian(s) may be contacted by the ‘Relevant Teacher’ and informed of the nature and extent of the bullying behaviour with a view to agreeing a strategy whereby a promise to end the bullying behaviour would be honoured;
- Parent(s)/guardian(s) may be invited to a meeting with the ‘Relevant Teacher’ and the Principal and the pupil may be suspended from school.
- The case may be referred to the Board of Management and the pupil may be expelled from the school.
- The relevant teacher must keep appropriate written records – See Appendix 2 which will assist his/her efforts to resolve the issues and restore, as far as is practicable, the relationships of the parties involved.
- All records will be stored securely
7.The school’s programme of support for working with pupils affected by bullying is as follows:
- Bullied pupils:
- Ending the bullying behaviour,
- Changing the school culture to foster more respect for bullied pupils and all pupils,
- Changing the school culture to foster greater empathy towards and support for bullied pupils,
- Indicating clearly that the bullying is not the fault of the targeted pupil through the awareness-raising programme,
- Indicating clearly that the bullying is not the fault of the targeted pupil through the speedy identification of those responsible and speedy resolution of bullying situations,
- After resolution, enabling bullied pupils to complete a victim-impact statement,
- Helping bullied pupils raise their self-esteem by encouraging them to become involved in activities that help develop friendships and social skills (e.g. participation in group work in class and in extra-curricular group or team activities during or after school).
- Bullying pupils:
- Making it clear that bullying pupils who reform are not blamed or punished and get a ‘clean sheet,’
- Making it clear that bullying pupils who reform are doing the right and honorable thing and giving them praise for this,
- Making adequate counseling facilities available to help those who need it learn other ways of meeting their needs besides violating the rights of others,
- Helping those who need to raise their self-esteem by encouraging them to become involved in activities that develop friendships and social skills (e.g. participation in group work in class and in extra-curricular group or team activities during or after school),
- Using learning strategies throughout the school and the curriculum to help enhance pupils’ feelings of self-worth,
- In dealing with negative behaviour in general, encouraging teachers and parents to focus on, challenge and correct the behaviour while supporting the child,
- In dealing with bullying behaviour seeking resolution and offering a fresh start with a ‘clean sheet’ and no blame in return for keeping a promise to reform.
8.Supervision and Monitoring of Pupils:
The Board of Management confirms that appropriate supervision and monitoring policies and practices are in place to both prevent and deal with bullying behaviour and to facilitate early intervention where possible.
9.The Board of Management confirms that the school will, in accordance with its obligations under equality legislation, take all such steps as are reasonably practicable to prevent the sexual harassment of pupils or staff or the harassment of pupils or staff on any of the nine grounds specified i.e. gender including transgender, civil status, family status, sexual orientation, religion, age, disability, race and membership of the Traveller community.
10.This policy was adopted by the Board of Management on October 3rd, 2018.
11.This policy has been made available to school personnel, published on the school website and is otherwise readily accessible to parents and pupils on request and provided to the Parents’ Association. A copy of this policy will be made available to the Department of Education and Skills and to the patron if requested.
12.This policy and its implementation will be reviewed by the Board of Management once in every school year. Written notification that the review has been completed will be made available to school personnel, published on the school website and be otherwise readily accessible to parents and pupils on request and provided to the Parents’ Association. A record of the review and its outcome will be made available to the Department of Education and Skills and to the patron if requested.
Appendix 1.Bullying can take a number of forms. These may include any of the following (this list is not exhaustive):
Repeated aggressive behaviour/attitude/body language, for example:
- Shouting and uncontrolled anger
- Personal insults
- Verbal abuse
- Offensive language directed at an individual,
- Continually shouting or dismissing others
- Public verbal attacks/criticism
- Domineering behaviour
- Open aggression
- Offensive gestures and unwanted physical contact
Intimidation, either physical, psychological or emotional, for example:
- Treating in a dictatorial manner
- Persistent slagging
- Deliberate staring with the intent to discomfort
- Persistent rudeness in behaviour and attitude toward a particular individual
- Asking inappropriate questions/making inappropriate comments re. personal life/family Asking inappropriate questions/making inappropriate comments re. social life or schoolwork
Interference with property, for example:
- Stealing/damaging books or equipment
- Stealing/damaging clothing or other property
- Demanding money with menaces
- Persistently moving, hiding or interfering with property
- Marking/defacing property
Undermining/Public or Private Humiliation, for example:
- Condescending tone
- Deliberately withholding significant information and resources
- Writing of anonymous notes
- Malicious, disparaging or demeaning comments
- Malicious tricks/derogatory joke,
- Knowingly spreading rumours
- Belittling others’ efforts, their enthusiasm or their new idea,
- Derogatory or offensive nicknames (name-calling)
- Using electronic or other media for any of the above (cyber bullying,
- Disrespectfully mimicking a particular individual in his/her absence Deliberately refusing to address issues focusing instead on the person
Ostracising or isolating, for example:
- Deliberately marginalizing an individual
- Deliberately preventing a person from joining a group
- Deliberately preventing from joining in an activity, schoolwork-related or recreational
Things that may indicate bullying:
- Anxiety about travelling to and from school, unwillingness to go to school, refusal to attend, mitching.
- Deterioration in motivation, concentration, workrate, educational performance or all of these.
- Changes in mood – loss of confidence, growing shyness, withdrawal.
- Unexplained changes in behaviour – stammering, displays of anger, aggressive behaviour (towards siblings?), out of character comments.
- Pattern of physical illnesses, stomach/bowel disorders, loss of appetite, vomiting, loss of sleep, nightmares (possibly reported by parents).
- Possessions missing or damaged, requests for (lunch) money.
- Unexplained bruising, cuts or other injury or damaged clothing.
- Reluctance/refusal to say what is troubling her/him.
Protect Yourself From Cyberbullying – The Computer
1. Be careful, be respectful, the Internet is forever:
- Always protect your Name, Identity and Reputation
- Always be respectful to others when posting material online.
- The Internet is a useful invention but it can be abused if people use it to bully others (cyberbullying).
- Cyberbullying can be stopped.
2. Do not respond to cyberbullying but keep the evidence:
- Never reply to online bullying or harassment.
- Put yourself in control. Keep the evidence in case you need it. Then . . .
3. Avoid cyberbullying on a social networking site,
When you first sign up to a social networking site protect yourself as follows:
- Skip any options offered (“Add Friends,” “Find Friends,” Profile Information” and “Profile Picture,”). Set your privacy settings first.
- Click “Account,” then “Privacy Settings” and then “Customise Settings.”
- Set all the “Things I Share” to “Friends Only” and untick the box for ‘Include Me in “People Here Now” after I check in.’
- Set the “Things Others Share” to “Friends Only” and disable “Friends Can Check Me Into Places.”
- For each item of “Contact Information” select “Customise and then select “Only Me.”
- Go back to “Privacy,” go into “Applications and Websites,” go to “Edit your Settings” and set your “Game and Application Activity” to “Friends Only,” then untick all the boxes for “Information accessible through your friends” and the “Instant Personalisation” and “Public Search” sections.
- Go back to “Privacy,” go into “Block Lists,” click on “Edit your Lists” and you can block any person from contacting you or seeing your information.
- Now you are in a position to add any friends and information you wish, but do this carefully. Your current friends may not always be your friends. Do not share personal information (especially photographs) except with your most trusted friends.
If you are having a problem with unwelcome or bullying comments or other material deal with it as follows:
- Click on the “Report/Block User” link below information posted on the site e.g. a picture. You could ask a friend or trusted adult to do so too.
- You will be switched to a forum where you can block the user. Once there, write a detailed report explaining what is wrong/harmful about the material e.g. it is being used to bully you – only then can the material be removed.
Other social networking sites should also have privacy and safety settings. Social networking sites that do not have them should be avoided.
Do not respond to unwelcome or bullying emails. Save and print them as evidence and if the bullying continues you can take them to the Gardaí (Police).
If you have a webcam keep it covered when not in use.
Nenagh CBS Primary
Protect Yourself From Cyberbullying – By Mobile Phone
Useful tips to help prevent cyberbullying by mobile phone:
- Always use a password to open your phone for use and tell nobody the password except your parents or guardians.
- Keep your phone number secret from anyone who cannot be totally trusted.
- Never pass someone’s phone number on to a third party.
- Do not send pictures of yourself or others or personal messages by phone to anyone who cannot be totally trusted not to pass them on to someone else, someone who may be friendly with them but not with you.
If someone gets your phone number and starts making unwelcome calls or sending unwelcome messages or pictures to you, no matter how annoyed or upset you are do not reply, do not delete the pictures or messages and do not remove a record of the calls from your phone’s log. Instead, tell a parent, a teacher or other adult you trust. Then do the following:
To block a texter from sending you unwanted text messages or pictures:
O2: Text “BLOCK IT START” (in capital letters) to 50216 and follow the instructions you are given to block the number.
Meteor: Call Meteor on 1747 (pay as you go) or 1905 (bill pay) and give the number you want blocked. The company will then block the number.
Vodafone: Contact the Gardaí (Police) and they will contact Vodafone, which will then block the number
3: Contact the Gardaí (Police) and they will contact 3, which will then block the number
For Nokia phones, a free application called “Safety Net” can be downloaded either directly or from a computer, and this can be used to block texts regardless of the service provider so Vodafone and 3 users can use this if they have a Nokia phone.
For Samsung phones, go to menu/messages/settings/text messages/block number and enter the number/contact to be blocked or select ‘block number’ from inbox options. You can block up to 10 numbers.
Other phone suppliers may have similar systems. Check their user manuals or websites for further information.
To block a phone number that is used to send you unwanted phone calls, whether anonymous or not:
- Keep a record of the times and dates of the calls (do not delete them from your phone’s “call log”), whether you recognise the phone number or not.
- If your phone is off or on silent and any audio message is left do not delete this message either.
- Contact the Gardaí (Police) and give them the details of times and dates of calls and any audio messages left.
- They can then contact the service provider and have the number blocked as well as, if necessary, dealing with the sender.